A rabab with three strings can be tuned to PA SA PA while a one with 4 strings can be tuned to SA PA SA MA. The western notes DO RE ME SO FA LA TI are equivalent to the Indian Scales SA RE GA MA PA DHA NI. Although we can tune a rebab [...]

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Rebab is a lute instrument which has its origin in Afghanistan and then moved onto other neighbouring countries. It is a stringed fiddle instrument and has been in existence since the 8th century. Hence it is considered as the oldest bowed instrument. It is also known as “Lion of the instruments”. It has a heart-like [...]

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Pandit Shivkumar Sharma, born on 13th January, 1938 in Jammu is a legendary Santoor player. It is only due to the efforts of Pandit Shiv that Santoor has reached this height. he has gained his knowledge about Santoor from his father as well as teacher, Pandit Uma Dutt Sharma who is a renowned Santoor player [...]

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Santoor is a trapezoidal-shaped ancient string instrument. It was originally known as Shata Tantri Veena which means an instrument with 100 strings. It has come from Himalayan Valley of Kashmir. It was earlier used in Kashmir but now with some modifications, it is used in various parts of the world. Depending upon the region, it [...]

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A tanpura requires utmost care just like a small baby. They need to be checked periodically. Just by carrying out some simple steps, you can take care of your tanpura efficiently. The steps are: Protect the gourd in any case: Resonator is made from dried out pumpkin and it needs to be handled as it [...]

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As we know that tanpura is basically of two types namely: male tanpura and female tanpura. Each tanpura generally consist of atleast 4 strings although it may have more number like five, six or seven. A male tanpura is mainly tuned to tonic note (Sa) i.e, C# and the female ones use a fifth higher [...]

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Tanpura is drone instrument and it has come from the family of lute instruments. It is a string instrument which is known as Tanpura in North India and as Tambura, thamboora, thambura, or tamboora in Southern part of India. Tanpura is usually carved out of jackwood. It does not contain frets. A long neck contains [...]

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The treble side in pakhawaj is tuned by holding it in vertical position and striking the rim with a tuning hammer. It must be tuned so that the sound matches with the sound of the accompanying tanpura. The bass side can only be tuned by the application of atta paste. Unlike other percussion instruments, it [...]

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Pakhawaj is a barrel-shaped, two-headed drum also known as ‘Mother of North Indian Drums’. It is also called by various names such as pakhavaj, pakavaj, pakuaj or pakhvaj. It has a very amazing story associated with it. It is said that once a famous musician, Amir Khusrao was playing Pakhawaj. While playing, it accidentally broke [...]

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Palghat Mani Iyer is one the best Mridangist of all times. He was born in 1912 in the family of Sri T.R.Sesha Bhagavathar. He was initially named as Ramaswami in memory of his grandfather but was later called as “Mani”. He loved indian music so much that at a very young age of 9, he [...]

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