Sarangi Info.

in Info, Sarangi


Sarangi is a bowed instrument with a short neck. It is considered to be originated from Rajasthan. It has a unique feature to generate sounds same as humans and some vocal ornaments.

The word Sarangi has been derived from two words namely Sau meaning hundred and rang meaning color. So sarangi means something that can various different colours. It is also believed to be a combination of two other words saar and ang. Saar means summary and ang means different forms of singing.

So Sarangi means an instrument that can be used to play almost all styles. It can be said that Sarangi can be helpful in playing any kind of music and that too with an amazing sound.

Sarangi looks like a box and it is carved out from a single piece of wood usually tun wood. The three main parts of Sarangi are:

  1. pet(stomach)

  2. chhati(chest)

  3. magaz(brain)

For Detailed View of parts of sarangi, click here.

All three parts are hollow from inside. Sarangi’s are commonly found with a dimension of 26” X 6” X 8” and weighing around 3-4 kgs. It also contains a bridge, 3 main gut strings and 35 sympathetic strings.

The three main strings are bowed with the help of heavy horse-hair bow. For stopping them, nails, cuticles and surrounding flesh are mainly used. Use of finger tips is avoided for this purpose.

When sarangi is tuned properly and tones are played using main strings, it sounds like a bee-hive and echo-like resonance are raised. There are certain factors that affect the sound quality and playability of Sarangi. These are:

  • positioning and outlining of bridges,

  • placement of pegs and,

  • height of strings.

Though Sarangi is not considered as too good these days but it holds a significant place in the history of Indian Classical Music. It had been widely used as the solo as well as accompanying instrument. It has been replaced by some other instruments these days but the fact cannot be denied that there is no instrument which can compete the various styles generated by Sarangi.

Some of the notable players of Sarangi are Ustad Sultan Khan, Ustad Bundu Khan, Pandit Gopal Mishra, Pandit Ram Narayan, Gopal Mishra, Ikram Khan, Ramesh Mishra, Ghulam Mohammad,  Shakoor Khan, Wahid Khan, Abdul Karim Khan, Bade Ghulam Ali Khan, Amir Khan, Niaz Ahmed and Fayaz Ahmed Khan, Rajan and Sajan Mishra etc.

Famous Manufacturers of Sarangi in India are: Melvin Musicals, Sitarz, Delhi Music Stores, Maharaja Musicals, Music N Crafts etc.

Learning of Sarangi is a skill and it requires years of practice and patience to learn the same.

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